We Are a Maritime Nation

The U.S. is bounded by two oceans, a gulf, five very large lakes and a long deep river. Ever since the colonies on the North American Coast were founded, our commerce with other nations was dependent merchant ships carrying cargoes. This was true when this country was founded as is true in 2021.

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End of Close Friendships

The Jay Treaty resolved some of the remaining differnences between the new U.S. and the British. Ratification led to a divisive bitter fight between Jefferson and Washington that had nothing to do with the terms of the treaty. It was all about political power.

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Avoiding the Foreign Entanglements Vise

France tried to intimidate the U.S. to join its fight against Britain. England appealed to U.S. merchants desire for profits. The 1794 Jay Treaty was a bet that England would prevail in any fight against France.

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Melee Tactics Versus Trading Broadsides

When the Continental Navy was authorized by the Continental Congress on October 13th, 1775, the Americans had no ships, the Royal Navy had 350 rated ships and 550 in commission.…

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The Politics of War in 1780 Are Similar to Those in 2021

The machinations of politicians in democratic legislative bodies to stay in power often put them out of touch with what is happening on the battlefield. During the American Revolution, the British government faced the same disconnects between what the generals in the field were telling them and their own political ambitions.

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Origins of the U.S. Post Office

My bet there’s not one of you who have not cursed the U.S. Postal Service whether you are standing in line. Or, when the cost of postage went up. Or…

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