The Pandemic of 1793

By 1793, the United States had been an independent nation for 10 years. The Treaty of Paris gave the country peace with England. Our new Constitution was ratified in 1787 and George Washington was in his second term as president. The deep recession that occurred in...

Five Facts About JPJ You Probably Didn’t Know

John Paul Jones (JPJ) is one of the most storied naval officers of the 18th Century. He uttered the words “I have not yet begun to fight” in the battle in which his ship, Bonnehomme Richard outfought the Royal Navy’s Serapis on September 23rd, 1779. Jones was also...

African Americans in the British and Continental Armies

The first African American who died for our freedom was Crispus Attucks, who was killed in 1770 at the Boston Massacre. This event was a precursor to the American Revolution which is where the rich history of African American serving in the U.S. military begins....

“Admiral” Benedict Arnold

Most Americans know Benedict Arnold as the traitor. Many may know him as the general who helped win at the battle of Saratoga. Fewer know his exploits as general leading an expedition to seize Quebec City in 1775. And, unless one is a reader of Naval History’s October...

Two Proclamations With Unintended Results

When the American Revolution began, the British knew that to win, they had to disrupt the economy of the Thirteen Colonies which was heavily dependent on exports – lumber, dried fruit, fish and vegetables, rice, indigo, cotton and tobacco. The British were also smart...

The Sad Story of Pierre Landais Part Deux

Within hours of Captain John Paul Jones relieving him of command of the frigate Alliance, Landais began scheming to get his ship back. Rather remain in port, he went to Paris to meet with the American delegation. Franklin and Deane told him that as the squadron...