Financing the American Revolution

When the war broke out at Lexington and Concord on April 19th, 1775, the colonists had no means of funding the fight that would take seven long years. There was no government to raise money for salaries, food, ammunition and all the other items needed to wage war....

Death of the Articles of Confederation

Our nation’s first attempt at a constitution had the seeds of its own destruction built into the document. It created, as one historian put it, more of a “league of friendship” than a government that could run a growing country. The story leading to the Constitutional...

Socialism 101

Roughly thirty-five years ago, my daughter asked for an explanation of how socialism works. So, for better or worse, here’s how I explained it to a member of the National Honor Society. My answer started with a little history. The concept we know as socialism began to...

Piracy – the Midwife to the Rebirth of the U.S. Navy

The United States has always has been a maritime nation. Geography dictates it. Our western border is the Pacific; our eastern one is the Atlantic; we have the Gulf of Mexico in the south; and the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River to our north. The Thirteen...