Finding the Wind

Up until the advent of steam power, wind drove ships.  Ask any sailing ship captain and he’ll tell you that wind direction and speed often changes.  Without modern instruments gauging wind strength and direction is art and science tempered by experience. Anemometer –...

Liquid Guest Speakers

Most everyone thinks U.S. Navy ships are dry.  In 1914, the Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels took away the booze.  But not all of it. There are three situations in which the Navy actually serves booze.  One, on long at sea periods, some ships have a ‘steel beach...

Liquid Guest Speakers

Most everyone thinks U.S. Navy ships are dry.  In 1914, the Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels took away the booze.  But not all of it. There are three situations in which the Navy actually serves booze.  One, on long at sea periods, some ships have a ‘steel beach...

Beer, Booze, Wine and Warships

In the late 18th Century, water purification as we know it today, didn’t exist.  People went to wells, pumped the water into a container and took it home.  For a warship or a merchantman, the water was put in wooden casks, hoisted aboard and stored in the hold. What...

Time – The Key to Determining Longitude

For centuries, mariners were able to determine their latitude by measuring the height of a celestial body such as a star, the sun or moon above the horizon. Knowing the time of year or the phase of the moon how to do the math, latitude could be calculated. Recognizing...